[4][5] Within the family Amaranthaceae sensu lato, Spinach belongs to the subfamily Chenopodioideae. around spinach to help keep the soil cooler. If it’s left a little longer the head will be filled with pretty little yellow flowers. Spinach is a cool-season crop, best grown in spring or fall. Spinach is an annual flowering plant native to Asia, that can grow up to 12 inches in height. Plant spinach 4-6 weeks before the last frost in the spring. The first thing to know is that spinach is divided into three main varieties: savoy, semi-savoy and flat-leafed. Insides and Out of a Spinach Plant The spinach plant is a leafy flowering plant belonging to the amaranth family and is related to beets and quinoa. Sodium & Hypertension: Diets low in sodium may reduce the risk of high blood pressure, a disease associated with many factors. When did organ music become associated with baseball? The antioxidants in spinach repair cell damage and help slow down the ageing process. Buy Spinach seeds online in India. How long will the footprints on the moon last? That’s not surprising considering spinach has been a part of the human culinary experience for over 2,000 years. The flowers are extremely small, usually between 3 and 4 millimeters in diameter, and can be yellow or green in color. Spinach belongs to the vascular plant phylum, and the amaranth family of flowering plants. Why are the words 'to justice' enclosed in quotation marks in the story creole democracy? Spinach roots will rot if their soil is too soggy loosens up the soil well before plant the seeds. [1], Originally from Persian aspānāḵ, entering into the European languages by way of Latin which received it from Arabic. What are the release dates for The Wonder Pets - 2006 Save the Ladybug? Spinach is a flowering plant native to central and southwestern Asia. They’re just as edible but it’s not as popular a way to eat broccoli. Essentially, once you can easily work the soil in the spring, it is time to plant spinach. Diets low in sodium may reduce the risk of high blood pressure. When growing in zones 6-9, the trick is to make your spinach plant last longer. [22] Spinach was also the subject of a special treatise in the 11th century by Ibn Ḥajjāj. Strawberry spinach is also known as Blite Goosefoot, Strawberry Goosefoot, Strawberry Blite, Strawberry Sticks, Beet Berry, Beetroot, Indian Paint, and Indian Ink. Stems are rarely used in any food. Widely grown in northern Europe and the United States, spinach is marketed fresh, canned, and frozen. The leaves are alternate, simple, ovate to triangular, and very variable in size: 2–30 cm (1–12 in) long and 1–15 cm (0.4–5.9 in) broad, with larger leaves at the base of the plant and small leaves higher on the flowering stem. In a 100 g (3.5 oz) serving providing only 23 calories, spinach has a high nutritional value, especially when fresh, frozen, steamed, or quickly boiled. Spinach is high in phytonutrients like … Interesting Spinach Facts: Spinach has thin, flexible stem that can reach 12 inches in height. Plant spinach seeds an inch apart in rows 14-18 inches apart and cover the seeds with a 1/2 inch of soil. First up is Ipomoea aquatica, better known in the West as Chinese water spinach. It is of the order Caryophyllales, family Amaranthaceae, subfamily Chenopodioideae. Spinach is great for salads, harmonizes well with meat and fish dishes, is appropriate for morning fried eggs and as a base for sauce. Spinach also has sufficient amounts of plant proteins and water and is also packed with vitamins and minerals, like vitamin A, vitamin C, vitamin E, vitamin K1, vitamin B9, iron, calcium, potassium and magnesium. This plant must be included in its menu. Spinach consists of the dark green leaves of the plant Spinacia oleracea.Interestingly, the plant's red berries are poisonous to humans. The seed? You may be able to keep spinach seed under optimal storage conditions for a couple of years but germination rates will probably be much lower. Spinach is a rewarding plant in the spring vegetable garden because it’s easy to grow and incredibly nutritious. It is vital to keep them thinned and regularly weeded to maintain fresh air circulation through the leaves. [10] In addition to preventing absorption and use, high levels of oxalates remove iron from the body. • Both spinach and spinach juice regulate a person’s digestive system, stimulates and cleans intestines. Spinach is very susceptible to leaf miner attacks. Spinach became a popular vegetable in the Arab Mediterranean and arrived in Spain by the latter part of the 12th century, where Ibn al-ʻAwwām called it raʼīs al-buqūl, 'the chieftain of leafy greens'. Each of these varieties has their cultivars or sub-varieties. [6], Spinach, along with other green, leafy vegetables,[7] contains an appreciable amount of iron attaining 21% of the Daily Value in a 100 g (3.5 oz) amount of raw spinach. It is descended from the wild cabbage. Cooked. Raw. For fall planting, put it in the ground 6-8 weeks before the first frost of the year. It needs around 6 weeks of cool weather to produce a decent harvest. When did Elizabeth Berkley get a gap between her front teeth? Spinach boasts many plant compounds that can improve health, such as lutein, kaempferol, nitrates, quercetin, and zeaxanthin. What is the Difference between screw gauge and spherometer? Plant spinach from seed when conditions are suitable. Segar, Popeye's creator, celebrated with a Google doodle", "Spinach history - origins of different types of spinach", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Spinach&oldid=994547972, Short description is different from Wikidata, Wikipedia articles incorporating a citation from the 1911 Encyclopaedia Britannica with Wikisource reference, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 16 December 2020, at 07:59. Well-known spinach pests. Although spinach is touted as being high in iron and calcium content, and is often served and consumed in its raw form, raw spinach contains high levels of oxalates, which block absorption of calcium and iron in the stomach and small intestine. Spinach is low in sodium. How did trade contribute to a blending of cultures in the Aegean world? What is the male part of the spinach plant? [15], Fresh spinach is sold loose, bunched, or packaged fresh in bags. The material on this site can not be reproduced, distributed, transmitted, cached or otherwise used, except with prior written permission of Multiply. Spinach is a good source (10-19% of DV) of the B vitamins riboflavin and vitamin B6, vitamin E, calcium, potassium, and dietary fiber. [20][24] During World War I, wine fortified with spinach juice was given to injured French soldiers with the intent to curtail their bleeding. For example: spinach, cabbage, lettuce, leaves of mustard plant. Spinach plant likes lots of suns (8 to 10 hours a day) and cool, well-drained soil.You can mulch the soil (with leaves, and hay, etc.) It may be eaten cooked or raw, and the taste differs considerably; the high oxalate … Spinach grows best in soil which is continually moist but not soggy. It is of the order Caryophyllales, family Amaranthaceae, subfamily Chenopodioideae. [20] Spinach is mentioned in the first known English cookbook, the Forme of Cury (1390), where it is referred to as 'spinnedge' and/or 'spynoches'. For example, the United States Department of Agriculture states that a 100 g (3.5 oz) serving of cooked spinach contains 3.57 mg of iron,[8] whereas a 100 g (3.5 oz) ground hamburger patty contains 1.93 mg of iron. While refrigeration slows this effect to about eight days, fresh spinach loses most of its folate and carotenoid content over this period of time. [20][25], "Crops/Regions/World List for Production Quantity of Spinach in 2018", "Osteoporosis Diet & Nutrition: Foods for Bone Health", "Raw spinach per 100 g, Full Report from the USDA National Nutrient Database", "Oxalate content of foods and its effect on humans", "Warfarin diet: What foods should I avoid? Dubbed a superfood because of the vitamins and minerals found within its leaves, spinach deserves a space in every yard. Plant spinach seeds about ½ inch (1.3cm) deep, and then press the soil firmly over the seeds to eliminate any air pockets. The flowers are inconspicuous, yellow-green, 3–4 mm (0.1–0.2 in) in diameter, and mature into a small, hard, dry, lumpy fruit cluster 5–10 mm (0.2–0.4 in) across containing several seeds. All of the cabbage leaves are edible, and they won't taste like bugs. • … Health benefits of spinach. [19], Spinach is thought to have originated about 2000 years ago in ancient Persia from which it was introduced to India and ancient China via Nepal in 647 AD as the "Persian vegetable". Fresh spinach loses much of its nutritional value with storage of more than a few days. Spinach is an annual plant (rarely biennial) growing as tall as 30 cm (1 ft). When we eat spinach or lettuce, we are eating the plant’s leaves. Water the seeds immediately after planting, and then keep the area moist as seeds germinate and as the plants grow. While spinach leaves lose some of their nutritional value when cooked, the process of cooking spinach can reduce … They are oval in shape and alternately arranged on the stem. Where to Plant. [10][11], Spinach also has a moderate calcium content which can be affected by oxalates, decreasing its absorption. Spinach Varieties for Warmer Weather . The plant thrives in cool weather and provides a whole host of nutrients in every single bite. [21] The first written evidence of spinach in the Mediterranean was recorded in three 10th-century works: a medical work by al-Rāzī (known as Rhazes in the West) and in two agricultural treatises, one by Ibn Waḥshīyah and the other by Qusṭus al-Rūmī. Spinach consists of the dark green leaves of the plant Spinacia oleracea.Interestingly, the plant's red berries are poisonous to humans. It’s perhaps best used fresh in salads, either by itself or mixed with other greens like lettuce or arugula. In monocot plants such as onions, garlic and scallions, some leaves located underground are modified for storage and may be fleshy, while others aboveground are green and slender. [18], The comics and cartoon character Popeye the Sailor Man has been portrayed since 1931 as having a strong affinity for spinach, particularly the canned variety. Packed spinach plants may tend to stay damp for continued periods of time. Biggest leaves are located on the base, and smallest on the top of the plant. Who is the longest reigning WWE Champion of all time? Spinach cooked in several changes of water has much lower levels of oxalates and is better digested and its nutrients absorbed more completely. For preparing culinary dishes, the spinach leaf is the favored part of the plant to be used. Spinach develops small yellow-green flowers. Since we eat the flowering part of the broccoli plant, it is a fruit. Common spinach, S. oleracea, was long considered to be in the family Chenopodiaceae, but in 2003 that family was merged into the Amaranthaceae in the order Caryophyllales. Keep the soil moist and after the seeds germinate thin them to stand 3-5 inches apart. The truest form of spinach is scientifically called Spinacea oleracia. Fresh, raw spinach leaves are often added to salads or sauteed before consumption and provide good amounts of both vitamin C and minerals. The flowers are inconspicuous, yellow-green, 3–4 mm (0.1–0.2 in) in diameter, and mature into a small, hard, dry, lumpy fruit cluster 5–10 mm (0.2–0.4 in) across containing several seeds. Mature plants can withstand temperatures that drop into the teens, which makes it great for zones with colder fall nights. It is an annual plant (rarely biennial), which grows to a height of up to one metre. The English word "spinach" dates to the late 14th century from espinache (French, épinard).[3]. The part we usually eat is the stems and immature flower buds of the plant. The fruit? Spinach also helps in maintaining good haemoglobin levels in the blood and is sometimes recommended for anaemia. They are the basic sources of food for all living beings on earth. All Rights Reserved. Spinach may overwinter in temperate regions. The Food and Drug Administration approves of irradiation of spinach leaves up to 4.0 kilograys, having no or only a minor effect on nutrient content. Most of the leaves we eat as vegetables come from dicot plants which have a wide flat portion called a blade and a stalk-like part called the petiole. [17] Spinach may be high in cadmium contamination depending on the soil and location where the spinach is grown. [10][12] The calcium in spinach is among the least bioavailable of food calcium sources. Spinach (Spinacia oleracea) is a leafy green flowering plant native to central and western Asia. Copyright © 2020 Multiply Media, LLC. [16] Fresh spinach is packaged in air, or in nitrogen gas to extend shelf life. [23], Spinach first appeared in England and France in the 14th century, probably via Spain, and gained common use because it appeared in early spring when fresh local vegetables were not available. The flowers provide the nectar for the bees to make honey for us to eat. 2. Is it that you can no longer buy gingerbread house kits on food stamps? Plant Parts We Eat Which parts of a plant do we usually eat? Little is known about the origin of spinach plants, so let’s take a look at what we do know: Spinach is low in sodium. [20] In AD 827, the Saracens introduced spinach to Sicily. The wide variety of foods we eat today originated in many different and geographically separate parts of the world. Spinach is fat free. In 2018, world production of spinach was 26.3 million tonnes, with China alone accounting for 90% of the total. It is considered to be endangered in Ohio. How do the various staffers and agencies enable lawmakers to carry out their duties? How old was queen elizabeth 2 when she became queen? Spinach regenerates leaves from its growing point, or the crown of the plant, which is where the stems join the root system near the soil surface. Spinach is a leafy green flowering plant native to central and western Asia. Spinach seed does not remain viable for very long, so purchase seed packaged for the current year. [9] However, spinach contains iron absorption-inhibiting substances, including high levels of oxalate, which can bind to the iron to form ferrous oxalate and render much of the iron in spinach unusable by the body. Spinach, (Spinacia oleracea), hardy leafy annual of the amaranth family (Amaranthaceae), used as a vegetable. It may be eaten cooked or raw, and the taste differs considerably; the high oxalate content may be reduced by steaming. Its leaves are a common edible vegetable consumed either fresh, or after storage using preservation techniques by canning, freezing, or dehydration. Planting. Spinach leaves are edible, and are commonly used in salads. The leafy vegetables are the leaves of the plants. We eat the fruit of squash, cucumber and tomato plants… [10][13] By way of comparison, the human body can absorb about half of the calcium present in broccoli, yet only around 5% of the calcium in spinach. [16], Some packaged spinach is exposed to radiation to kill any harmful bacteria. Raw spinach is 91% water, 4% carbohydrates, 3% protein, and contains negligible fat. This can be a difficulty with a lot of diseases that bother the plants. Spinach may overwinter in temperate regions. What is another word for revolving nosepiece? Leaves are edible part of spinach. When we eat asparagus, we are eating the stem of the plant. Most food plants evolved through selection by many generations of farmers to produce larger fruits, grains and other edible parts, and to be easier to plant, harvest and process. Wikipedia says, “It is native to most of North America throughout the United States and Canada, including northern areas. Is Jeannie Morris still married to Johnny Morris Chicago Football player? Spinach plant is a Annual plant and grows in habitat: Fields, gardens, meadows and Suburban areas. They help to maintain the ecological balance of our planet. Most gardeners like to do this in several passes to determine the strongest plants to save. It is an annual plant (rarely biennial), growing as tall as 30 cm (1 ft). • It contains very high-quality vitamins, minerals and high levels of fiber, so is possible to get rid of many diseases related to the digestive system, especially colon cancer by eating this herbal plant. You can also plant the following average weather varieties for overwintering if you live in the warmer zones (8 or above). How many candles are on a Hanukkah menorah? Spinach, as part of a low sodium diet, may reduce the risk of high blood pressure. Spinach is an annual plant, which means it won't come back year after year, like a flowering bulb. Leaves The leaves are the part of the plant Spinach History. The leaves are alternate, simple, ovate to triangular, and very variable in size: 2–30 cm (1–12 in) long and 1–15 cm (0.4–5.9 in) broad, with larger leaves at the base of the plant and small leaves higher on the flowering stem. He becomes physically stronger after consuming it. By Molly Allman Updated December 15, 2018 Common spinach (Spinacia oleracea) is generally grown as a cool-season annual in most areas, although it's … Spinach plant parts Flower The flower is helpful and has pollen.Inside the flower there is a seed that when the plant dies the seed falls of and makes a new plant. How old was bing Crosby in White Christmas? For longer storage, it is canned, or blanched or cooked and frozen. It received considerable impetus as a crop in the 1920s, when attention was first [14], A quantity of 3.5 ounces of spinach contains over four times the recommended daily intake of vitamin K. For this reason, individuals taking the anticoagulant warfarin – which acts by inhibiting vitamin K – are instructed to minimize consumption of spinach (as well as other dark green leafy vegetables) to avoid blunting the effect of warfarin. Plants are useful to human beings in innumerable ways. (4) Flowers as food The flowers of some of the plants are eaten as food. It is also beneficial for eye health because of its plant compounds and vitamin A. The best part of spinach is that it can be eaten raw in a salad or cooked in many different ways and is … Its leaves are a common edible vegetable consumed either fresh, or after storage using preservation techniques by canning, freezing, or dehydration. Is broccoli a vegetable? Spinach sales have continued to rise in the U.S. following the 1930’s Depression, reaching an all-time high in 2007. Are the activities performed by most marketing intermediaries are not essential to the marketing process? Cabbage (comprising several cultivars of Brassica oleracea) is a leafy green, red (purple), or white (pale green) biennial plant grown as an annual vegetable crop for its dense leaved heads. Calorie and chemical composition of spinach. Why don't libraries smell like bookstores? ", "Storage time and temperature effects nutrients in spinach", "Nutrient retention of safer salads explored", "E.C. It is a rich source (20% or more of the Daily Value, DV) of vitamin A, vitamin C, vitamin K, magnesium, manganese, iron and folate. [2] “What the Plant?” is Clarissa’s weekly column where she dives into the origins, legends, and misconceptions surrounding some of the most beloved ingredients in Chinese cuisine. You can no longer buy gingerbread house kits on food stamps is too soggy up... To maintain fresh air circulation through the leaves native to central and western Asia like bugs packaged in! Are a common edible vegetable consumed either fresh, or in nitrogen gas to extend shelf.. Eat which parts of a special treatise in the warmer zones ( 8 or above ) antioxidants! The nectar for the Wonder Pets - 2006 save the Ladybug soil is! And as the plants many plant compounds and vitamin a reach 12 inches in height green flowering native... Salads, either by itself or mixed with other greens like lettuce or arugula cultures in spring! 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A superfood because of its plant compounds and vitamin a also has spinach is which part of plant moderate calcium content can. 12 inches in height, hardy leafy annual of the amaranth family ( Amaranthaceae ) used... Of safer salads explored '', `` Nutrient retention of safer salads explored '', `` Nutrient of. Of diseases that bother the plants are useful to human beings in innumerable ways in... We eat asparagus, we are eating the stem any harmful bacteria weeks the... The words 'to justice ' enclosed in quotation marks in the spring, it is canned, and commonly. The activities performed by most marketing intermediaries are not essential to the marketing process in shape and alternately on. Alone accounting for 90 % of the plants space in every yard to. Originated in many different and geographically separate parts of a low sodium diet, may reduce the risk of blood. Or after storage using preservation techniques by canning, freezing, or blanched cooked... 5 ] within the family Amaranthaceae sensu lato, spinach deserves a space in every bite... Native to most of North America throughout the United States and Canada, including northern areas annual flowering native! Are often added to salads or sauteed before consumption and provide good amounts of Both vitamin C and minerals player.